Makwanpur District Profile-Hetauda capital of Bagmati state

Makwanpur district is located in the central part of the country. The District is named after Mukundapur in past.

Makwanpur district is located on the north side of the Mahabharata Range and the south side of the Chure Parvat (Siwalik Hills). It is also known as the main gateway to the Kathmandu. The district is bordered by the capital Kathmandu and the historic district of Lalitpur.

Makwanpur District Profile-Hetauda capital of Bagmati state
Hetauda

The construction of Tribhuvan Highway and Mahendra Highway has made the movement of East and West of the country from this district very easy. Alternative rural routes from Hetauda, ​​the district headquarters, to Kathmandu via Kulekhani-Fakhel, Chitlang-Thankot, and Kulekhani-Sisneri in a short time are also in operation.

The fact that Kulekhani Hydropower, the backbone of the country’s hydropower projects, has been completed first and second and is in the final stages of construction, is well-known. There are more than 82 Industries, large and small, including multinational corporations and two large cement factories. More than70 % of the land area of ​​this district is covered by hills.

Makwanpur District Profile-Hetauda capital of Bagmati state
Beautiful Hetauda

There are many beautiful places to visit here. The palace of the Sen dynasty kings Makwanpurgadhi (Prithvi Narayan Shah‘s in-laws), the strategically important place Chisapani Gadhi, Shaheed Smarak, Manakamna temple, Kusmanda Sarovar, Pushpalal park, Banaskhandi, etc.

Makwanpur District Profile-Hetauda capital of Bagmati state
Makwanpur gadhi fort

Geographical location

Makwanpur district stretches from east to west. It shares a boundary with 9 other districts like Chitwan, Dhading, Kavrepalanchowk, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Sindhuli, Rautahat, Bara, Parsa The east is narrow and the west is inflated like a balloon. Located between 840 41 ‘to 850 31’ east longitude and 270 10 ‘to 270 40’ north latitude, the district covers an area of ​​2426 sq km. This district occupies 1.655 percent of the total area of ​​the Kingdom of Nepal.

Manahari ruler municipality is the largest in the district in terms of area. The area of ​​this Ruler municipality is 256.57 sq km.

Political divisions:

Makwanpur district falls in the Bagmati State. The district headquarters is Hetauda. Hetauda was made the district headquarters in 2043 BS. Formerly, Bhimfedi was the district headquarters. At present Hetauda is the Capital of Bagmati State.

Makwanpur District Profile-Hetauda capital of Bagmati state
Jhulunge pool, Sannitar

According to the 2068 census, the average annual population growth rate of the district is 0.69 percent, which is 1.51 percent less than the 58-year population growth. There will be an average of 4.88 members in a family According to the 2068 census, the total population of the district is 4,20,477 of which 50.85 percent are women.

According to the 2068 census, the average annual population growth rate of the district is 0.69 percent, which is 1.51 percent less than the 58-year population growth. An average of 4.88 members in a family

Naturally

Makwanpur District is a hilly Area. More than 70% of the land area is covered by mountains.

View from Handikhola

Makwanpur district is extremely rich in terms of biodiversity from the point of view of different castes and cultures as well as from the snowy hills to the plains. It is also known as the Natural Museum of Sungabha. There are a large range of ecological diversity even in short distances and small terrain. At an altitude from buffalo to Simbhanjya, 62 species of Sungabha (orchids) of 90 species (Genera) are found in this district.

Climate

Along with the terrestrial diversity of the district, there is also a lot of diversity in the climate here. There are three main types of climate: warm to the south around the Chure range, followed by temperate and temperate to the north. The maximum temperature will be 30 degrees celsius.

The average annual rainfall in this district is 2535 ml. This number is after Pokhara of Kaski district known as the face capital of Nepal.

River/ lake:

The district can be divided into four watersheds and 125 sub-watersheds. The four reservoir areas are Bagmati, Bakaiya, Rapti and Lothar. Rivers, streams and lakes cover 3.27 percent of the district. The major rivers of the district are the Bagmati River, the eastern boundary of the district, the Bakaya River flowing from the east to the south, the Rapti flowing from the central part of the district, the Manahari flowing from the western part and the western boundary river Lothar. The man-made Indrasarovar, built to generate electricity, is prominent in the district. It is 7 km from Kulekhani and Markhu Village Development Committee. Is spread over an area.

Makwanpur District Profile-Hetauda capital of Bagmati state
Rapti River

These rivers, which lack a permanent source of water, are flooded during the monsoons, but very little water flows in the winter.

Uses of Land

The total area of ​​the district is 2,44,457 hectares with 61489 hectares of arable land. (25.15%), bush, grassland 4968 ha. (2.03%), Kholanala and Bagar 16710 ha. (6.83%), forest area is 144558 ha. (59.14%), Industrial Area 1607 ha. (0.66%), the park area is 15125 ha. (6.19%). 75 percent of the district is hilly and 25 percent is flat.

Profession

According to the 2068 census, Makwanpur district is also known as an industrial district, but the main occupation of the people here is agriculture. Of the total population, 76% are engaged in agriculture and 17.3% in non-agriculture. 65% of the economically active population is engaged in agriculture and 35% of the population is engaged in non-agricultural occupations.

Makwanpur District Profile-Hetauda capital of Bagmati state

Caste & community

According to the 2068 census, Makwanpur district is a flower garden of multi-ethnic and multi-lingual castes. This district is predominantly copper. It has 47.82% copper. More than 70% of the population is tribal. Brahmins are second with 14.9%, Chhetri 10.71% third, Newar 6.21% fourth, Chepa 4.57% fifth and Magar 4.51% sixth. Kami 2.88, Rai 1.90, Damai 0.83, Majhi 0.76 and others 5.73. This district, rich in ethnic diversity, is also home to endangered wild beasts.

Religion

According to the 2068 census, people of various religions and sects live in this district. Although the Tamang caste is predominant, Hindus are predominant, while Christians and Muslims are few. Hindus constitute 48.28% of the population and Buddhists 45.57%. The percentage of Christians and Muslims is 4.84 and 0.42, respectively.

Krishna Statue in jurethum

According to the 2068 census, people of various religions and sects live in this district. Although the Tamang caste is predominant, Hindus are predominant, while Christians and Muslims are few. Hindus constitute 48.28% of the population and Buddhists 45.57%. The percentage of Christians and Muslims is 4.84 and 0.42, respectively.

Religious places:

The religious monasteries and temples of Makwanpur district are remarkable. There are Goraksheshwor, Bhutan Devi, Bhubaneswar Mahadev, Vanaskhandi, Kushmand Sarovar (108 Gaumukhi Dhara) holy areas within the Hetauda municipality area while Manakamana temple and Vanshagopal temple in Makawanpurgadhi VDC. The temples of Churiyamai in Churiyamai VDC and Trikhandi Mahadev in Bhainse VDC are famous. Similarly, there are temples of Risheshwar and Indrayani Mai in Daman VDC, Bajrabarahi in Bajrabarahi VDC, Syarsekalika in Namtar VDC and Shivalaya in Chitla VDC.

Manakamana Temple

Main Market

With the development of society and population, market centers have been established and developed in various rural areas for the purpose of buying and selling goods and services of the rural people and locally produced goods and services. The markets thus established and developed are Hetauda, ​​Bhimfedi, Manahari, Lothar, Chhatiwan, Phaparwari, Choughda, Palu (Okhar Bazaar).

Saheed Smarak

Tourist Attraction

Hetauda

  • Churiya Mai Temple
  • Bhutan devi Temple
  • Manakamna Temple
  • Saheed Smarak Park
  • Puspa lal Park
  • Children Park
  • Kusmanda Sarobar
  • Makwanpurgadhi Fort
  • Indrasarobar Tal
  • Chitlang
  • Daman
  • Manahari Market
  • Bhairab danda
  • Jurethum
  • risheshwar gufa(cave)
  • Gumba danda
  • Banaskhandi Devi Temple
  • SimBhanjyang
  • Bird Watch
  • Tracking
  • Chepang Museum
  • Palung Valley
  • Daman View tower

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