The geography of Nepal

Nepal, the great historic place and famous tourist place in the world. Nepal is situated in the Arm of Himalayas. The area of Nepal is 147181 sq.km. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. Nepal is divided into three regions, five development regions, fourteen zones, seventy five districts, fifty eight municipality and three thousand nine hundred fifteen villages.

The 3 regions are:-

  • Mountains region
  • Hilly region
  • Terai region

The 5 development regions are:-

  • Eastern development region
  • Central development region
  • western development region
  • Mid- western development region
  • Far-western development region

The 14 Zones are :-

  • Mechi
  • Koshi
  • Sagarmatha
  • Janakpur
  • Bagmati
  • Narayani
  • Gandaki
  • Mbini
  • Dhaulagiri
  • Rapti
  • Bheri
  • Seti
  • Karnali
  • Mahakali

The 75 districts are:-

Bhajang,
Aacham,
Baitadi,
Drachula
Bhaktapur,
Kathmandu,
Bhojpur,
Solukhumbhu,
Dang,
Bardiya,
Dhading,
Makwanpur,
Dhankuta,
Tehrathum,
Dhanusha,
Mahotari,
Doti,
Kailali,
Gorkha,
Lamjung,
Gulmi,
Palpa,
Ilalm,
Jhapa,
Jajarkot,
Banke,
Kanchanpur,
Ddeldhura,
Kapilvastu,
Argakhachi,
Kaski,
Manang,
Khotang,
Udaypur,
Morang,
Sunsari,
Mustang,
Myagdi,
Nawalparasi,
Rupendehi,
Nuwakot,
Raswa,
Okhal
dhunga,
palnchowk,
Lalitpur,
Parsa,
Chitwan,
Parvat,
Baglung,
Puthan,
Rolpa,
Ramechap,
Dolkha,
Rautahat,
Bara,
Rukum,
Salyan,
Saptari,
Sirha,
Sarlahi,
Sindhuli,
Shankhuwa
sabha,
Sindhupalchowk,
Kavre
Surkhet,
Dailekh,
Tanhu,
Syanja,
Taplejung,
Pachthar,

 

  • The Biggest development region is Central development region,
  •  The biggest zone is karnali, 
  • The biggest district is Dolpa(7889sq.km) and 
  • the smallest development region is Far western development region, 
  • The smallest zone is Mahakali, 
  • The smallest district is Bhaktapur(119sq.km) 
  • Out of 14 zone, ten zone is named upon River, two zone is named upon religious place and two zone is named upon religious place. 
  • Nepal is also known as land locked country because no sea is in Nepal. 
  • The nearest sea point of Nepal is Bengal khadi(India).
  •  Nepal is surrounded by India by three side and one side is china(North).
  •  India is 22 times and china is 65 times bigger than Nepal. 
  • The Nepalese time is 5hr 45min fast with green witch time
  • Nepal has taken 0.03% of world and 0.3% of Asia continent. 
  • The length from east to west of Nepal is 885 km and the width of Nepal form north to south is minimum 145 and maximum 241 km.
  •  The longest National Highway is Mahendra rajmarg. It is 1034 km long . 
  • The longest river of Nepal is Karnali, 
  • the deepest river of Nepal is Narayani, and the biggest river of Nepal is Koshi.

Rivers and ponds of Nepal

Nepal the gift of Nature, land of fighters, the one and only free kingdom in World. Nepal is rich in culture heritage, rich in Natural resources and rich in water. Nepal is second richest country in water, Brazil is in No.1 position. In Nepal there is more than 6 thousands rivers and ponds. Among them thousand rivers are more than 11km long. More than 100 rivers are long than 160 km. The total length of all rivers is 45,000 km and the storage capacity of rivers are more than 2 Million two thousand million cubic mtr. Among them big three rivers(Oshkosh, Gandki, Karnali) Storage capacity is one million forty eight thousand cubic mtr. in fact the 74% of total storage. if you see with electricity and irrigation eyes than we can say it white gold. The total capacity of electricity production is more than 83,ooo mega watt. The Rivers are divided into 3 parts they are
  • First Class
  • Second Class
  • Third Class
First class rivers :- First class rivers are flowing from Himalayas and they are continuing flowing. They never dries up. These king of rivers are used for electricity production and irrigation purpose. the first class of rivers are KOSHI, GANDAKI and KARNALI. in Brief they are given below.
a) Koshi River:- The river which appear from east Kanchenjunga Himalayas to west langtang Himalayas they all help to flow Koshi river with the help of seven big rivers koshi river is flowing. It is also known as ‘saptakoshi’. The seven helping river are Sunkoshi, Dudh koshi, Indravati, tamakoshi, Arun, Tamor and likhu. Arun is the big and likhu is the small helping river for koshi. it is also believing that in ancient with the name of kushic rishi it is known as Koshi. Koshi is the biggest river of Nepal. it’s length is 720 km. The average speed of Koshi water is 1564 cubic per second. After entering in India it is known as damodar river. the Indians are also knowing Koshi as ‘sorrow of Bihar’ .
b) Gandaki(Sapta gandaki) :- The center part of Lang tang Himalayas to west Dhaulagiri Himalayas are befitted by gandaki Himalayas. After the name of gandak rishi, The name has been kept Gandaki. this river is 338 km long. Gandaki river also have seven helping river they are Kali gandaki, Buddhi gandaki, seti gandaki, madi, Marsyangdi, Daraundi and Trishuli. The average water speed of Gandaki is 1713 cubic mtr. per second. This river has the capacity of 21,000 mega watt electricity producing and this river is helping 26,000sq.km. In this river only you can get the ‘shalimar stone’.
c) Karnali river (Sapta Karnali) :- Karnali river has covered the east Dhaulagiri Himalayas to west byas rishi Himalayas area. It has also seven helping river they are Humla karnali, Mugu karnali, Big bheri, small bheri, Tila, Buddhi Ganga and seti. The average water speed is 1316 cubic mtr per second. This river has the capacity of 32,000 mega watt electricity producing. This is also known as the longest river flow in Nepal. The total length of this river is 507 km. In Nepal this is only river where you can get dolphin fish. This river is helping 49,000 sq km land to irrigate. Gandaki is known as Ghagra river when it enters in India.
2) Second class river:- The river which origin from Mountains are known as second class river. These kind of rivers are flowing continuously but in cold seasons the water levels goes down. The rivers name of these category are Mahakali, Babai, Rapti, Tinau, Bagmati, Kamala, Kankai, Mechi etc. These kind of river help in irrigation but in rainy seasons these kind of rivers make huge amount of destruction.
3) Third class river:- These Kind of rivers flow from chure range, these kind of rivers flow for small area, helps in irrigation, fishing. These kind of rivers are active in rainy seasons only and in other time these kind of rivers are remaining dries. For eg. Lakhandei, jhim, manusmara, etc.

 

 

Transportation of Nepal

Nepal has 17,982 km. length road at present completed. Out of 75 districts 63 has connected with road

Main highways of Nepal
1. Mahendra Rajmarg
Mahendra Rajamarg is the main highway of Nepal. Which joints Nepal from East to West? It is 1027.67 km long. It was started to build on Friday 13 Apr. 1962A.D. (२०१९ बैशाख १ गते) it was built by the help of several countrys the detail are as follows:-
a. Mechi-Dhalkey bar part India
b. Dhalkey bar-Pathlaya→Rush
c. Hetauda-Narayanghat Part→Asian development Bank
d. Narayanghat -Butwal part→Belayat
e. Butwal-KohalpurNÜIndia
Mahendra rajmarg does not touch to Parsa district.
2. Tribhuvan Rajpath

This Highway is the oldest HIghway of Nepal. It was built on 1956 A.D.(2013B.S.) it is 191 K.M. long. It begins from Raxual(India) and goes via Hetauda-Bhaise-Sim bhajyang- to Kathmandu. Sim bhanjyang is the highest point of this highway. This is also known as “Byepass road”. Now a days it is being used when Prithivi rajmarg is closed due to Natural diasaster.

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